On the informatization construction of printing en

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On the information construction of printing enterprises

today, with fierce market competition, more and more managers are using management information system for management activities. Information management is a basic management work of enterprise management. Standardized, accurate, timely and sufficient information plays an irreplaceable role in the effective decision-making of the management. With the development of local area technology, the use of network technology to achieve resource sharing, information communication is more convenient, management information system is on the stage of management under this condition

however, there is a big gap between the effect of information management and the idea of the enterprise. The media reports from time to time that a certain enterprise has invested a lot of human and financial resources, and the ERP is unsuccessful, which has become a set of furnishings. The role of information construction has not been fully reflected. In fact, the information system itself is only an operation platform of enterprise information management. The operation quality does not completely depend on the software itself. It has a great relationship with the enterprise's own management ideas, methods, personnel quality and so on. Just as a computer can run under different operating systems, different operating systems have different effects and functions

when introducing the successful experience of ERP, some printing enterprises said that when ISO 9000 quality system certification is carried out, the information management is relatively in place, the certification work is generally carried out well, and it is easier to apply ERP. Because the quality management system can be said to be a platform for enterprise quality management. On the basis of this initial strength, through information construction, reflect various problems found in the operation of the quality system, constantly improve the quality management system, and achieve the purpose of continuous improvement. At this time, the management ideas, workflow and working methods of ERP are basically more mature, but computer management is used to replace manual management, and the management means are more advanced. Based on this idea, the author talks about how to carry out the information construction of printing enterprises

first, management thought

this is a very fundamental problem. Different enterprises have their own characteristics and inherent business processes in operation and management. If one ERP product is forcibly used to manage different enterprises, it will inevitably fail. Although ERP products are closely related to modern management ideas and methods, and have a certain degree of progressiveness and scientificity, for any enterprise, the choice of ERP products depends on whether the products are suitable for the production and operation of the enterprise and whether its management ideas are coordinated with the enterprise. Before introducing ERP, there is usually an understanding process, including full research and feasibility analysis, before deciding whether to introduce it. The starting point may be from the actual conditions of the enterprise itself, such as the field in which the enterprise is located, management foundation, business operation characteristics, information development strategy, and then select products that can meet these requirements and implement them step by step. Through continuous improvement, gradually build the enterprise information system. This process is a process of continuous integration. The enterprise's own management ideas, means, control methods and requirements are constantly integrated into the management information system, and the construction is the enterprise's own management information system with its own characteristics. What software vendors do is help and support, constantly modifying, improving and maintaining the software, rather than selling dozens of the same ERP products and promoting them all over the country. This ERP product fully reflects only a kind of business process and some data to be controlled. Therefore, the establishment of enterprise management information system should be based on the characteristics of enterprise management, rather than the doctrine of using

II. Application of management principles

iso 9001 quality management system puts forward eight management principles, which represent the latest achievements of management today. For example, the systematic method, its effective use is very critical for the help of ERP in enterprises. ERP itself is a large system, which controls all subsystems of business process, namely all functional modules, such as production operation module, human resources module, logistics module, etc. Using systematic methods to identify, understand and manage these interrelated processes as a system will help enterprises improve the effectiveness and efficiency of achieving goals. For example, in the production management system, the purpose of production management should be clarified first. It is to maintain the normal production order and establish a high-quality and efficient production system. For this purpose, the content and method of control should be determined. Production management generally controls production progress, product quality, equipment, safety, site, loss control of raw and auxiliary materials, etc. When implementing information management, these information are specifically reflected in the whole production process and are interrelated. During information construction, we should fully consider how to use data to reflect the requirements of management, the relationship between them, and the control methods used, analyze and process the information involved, improve the utilization rate of data, and achieve the purpose of management. For example, in the whole production process sheet, it can reflect the production process, production hours of each process, material consumption, process quality, equipment, etc. through a period of time, summarize these data, control the content to be controlled, and achieve the purpose of information system management

for another example, the quality management system emphasizes the process method. In fact, it adopts the process method to implement management control for each workflow, so as to achieve the four purposes required by the standard: understanding and meeting requirements, process value-added, process performance and effectiveness, based on objective measurement and continuous improvement. These four aspects are reflected through the accumulation, statistics and analysis of data. Therefore, the accuracy of data is crucial. When implementing the standards, some enterprises formulate strict inspection and assessment to ensure the accuracy of data: check the records every month, and deal with those that do not meet the requirements. The operation effect of ERP software is also reflected by the accuracy of data provided by the enterprise. This regulation is applicable to the technical requirements for the verification of tension and pressure testing machines and universal material testing machines (hereinafter referred to as testing machines) with experimental force of 2.5kn to 10MN after new manufacturing, use and repair (the verification of testing machines with experimental force of more than 10MN can be performed by reference). The effect of ERP operation is guaranteed by the accuracy of process data. It can be seen that the ideas based on management are consistent

third, from quality records to information system design

in the quality management system, all quality records in the enterprise can best reflect the work content of each process at ordinary times. Records are documents that provide results or evidence of activities for the four major processes of management activities (management responsibilities, resource management, product realization, measurement, analysis and improvement), and basically involve the whole business process and management system of the enterprise. It can be said that the role of records is the information basis of the whole quality management system. The basis for measuring the success of quality certification lies in the implementation of documents, and records are effective evidence. Through the statistics and analysis of the information reflected in the records, we can judge the effectiveness, suitability and compliance of the system, which is the so-called effective operation of the system. During certification, the relationship between interfaces is determined for each process, and records are designed. These records basically cover all processes of the printing process. After several years of system operation, the records have been continuously improved and optimized, and the effectiveness and means of management have been improved and simplified. Using modern means such as network technology and computer technology to completely change the way of manual management of the original workflow and information feedback channels of the enterprise, and the data requirements and personnel training have a certain foundation. Of course, it is relatively easy to succeed

IV. the management information system is implemented in conjunction with the enterprise's incentive and assessment measures or management systems to ensure their effectiveness

different enterprises have different control methods for the control of production progress. Most enterprises are based on experience management and on-site management, and adopt time wages or piece wages in incentive systems and measures, both of which have their own advantages and disadvantages. If the former is not guaranteed by effective incentive measures, workers often mix working hours to improve their income; The latter combines workers' income with workload, which improves the enthusiasm of production to some extent, but in the case of small business volume, workers' income decreases, affecting the stability of workers' work. The enthusiasm of workers lies entirely in their initiative. They do not effectively link the production progress with the incentive mechanism. Doing more and less, doing the same thing early and doing the same thing late, which brings no harm to the management of production progress. Otherwise, the poor cycle will affect the refrigeration effect and temperature accuracy. Enterprises can not accurately and reasonably arrange production according to the delivery time required by customers, which may sometimes cause delays in working hours. This is originally a management problem. In this case, even with the management information system, it is impossible to effectively control the production progress. The information system only quickly reflects some basic data. In order to establish a high-quality and efficient production system and ensure the smooth progress of production through man hour assessment, the author believes that it is completely feasible. The information-based management of the production process and the time measurement of various production processes and work links provide the possibility for the scientific arrangement of production

different enterprises have different calculation methods and measurement basis for the calculation of production hours. As a measure of work efficiency, working hours are not fully used in controlling production progress, but working hours provide the possibility to control production progress. Taking the printing process as an example, suppose there are three offset printing machines. Because the normal printing speed and equipment restrictions of each equipment are different, the operating level of the operators are different, and the processing ability of printing faults is also different. How can we control the production progress through reasonable hour assessment? We know that the printing process of a printed moving piece includes pre press preparation, spot color adjustment, printing, ink correction, plate correction, normal printing, plate falling and car washing. However, in the normal production order, pre press preparation before work, car washing before work and normal daily maintenance are the work contents that must be done every day. What the captain should do is to control the product quality and the control ability of the equipment. In terms of time period, it can be divided into three parts: first, the time of normal printing (including half-way plate changing, rubber washing, rubber changing, etc.), which is measured by the size of printing volume

in general, the speed of the printing machine is certain, and there is a slight difference between the difficulty and ease of printing. In this case, it can be further subdivided according to the type of product, printing volume and equipment status, including the intermediate refueling in the printing process, rubber washing and equipment failure that can be solved by yourself. The purpose of this is to emphasize the role of the captain and avoid wrangling. This time is recorded as T1. The second is the preparation time for printing, which is measured by the number of printing plates. Pre press preparation, car washing, plate loading, inking, plate proofreading, ink proofing and starting printing, this time period is T2. The third time is relatively fixed. The time for spot color adjustment and daily maintenance is fixed. The time for waiting for materials, versions and repair equipment can be controlled by information. For example, the repair equipment can be reflected by the records of the equipment department, and the time for waiting for materials and versions can be reflected by the records of the on-site management personnel. This time is basically an accurate value, which can be called T3. T1 and T2 can use the information system to carry out data statistics for many times, classify according to the ease of printing, and find an acceptable one

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