On the influence of CEPA on mainland printing indu

2022-08-22
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On the impact of CEPA on the mainland printing industry

over the past 20 years, in the fields of trade, investment, industrial cooperation and so on, the economies of Hong Kong and the mainland have been increasingly integrated, and Hong Kong has also become the bridge and link of the mainland's foreign economic relations. Moreover, such economic relations are driven by economic interests and spontaneously formed by the private sector, with limited government participation

in order to promote the common prosperity and development of the economies of the mainland and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and strengthen the economic and trade ties between the two sides and other countries and regions, the representatives of the mainland and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have reached the mainland Hong Kong Closer Economic and trade partnership arrangement (CEPA) in Hong Kong on June 29, 2003 after several rounds of consultations since January 25, 2002. The main contents of CEPA include: allowing many Hong Kong products to enter the mainland without tariff, relaxing the mainland's access to Hong Kong's service industry, and trade facilitation

the general principle of signing CEPA is to follow the policy of "one country, two systems" and coordinate with the national non ferrous metal Standards Committee to apply for and formulate the national standard for new ceramic aluminum materials; Conform to the rules of the World Trade Organization; Comply with the needs of the adjustment and upgrading of the industrial structure of both sides by 2025, and promote stable and sustainable development; Realize mutual benefit, complementary advantages and common prosperity; It is easy first and then difficult, and it is gradually promoted. The overall goal of CEPA is to gradually reduce or eliminate tariff and non-tariff barriers to virtually all goods trade between the two sides; Gradually liberalize trade in services and reduce or eliminate virtually all discriminatory measures between the two sides; Promote trade and investment facilitation

Hong Kong's competitive advantage ---- producer services

due to high land costs, human costs and other factors, Hong Kong does not have a strong international competitive advantage in manufacturing in recent years. However, in terms of producer services, Hong Kong has a highly developed international standard. What is producer services? What is the relationship between producer services and manufacturing

in the process of human production and reproduction, or human economic activities, they are mainly production, distribution, exchange and consumption. People involved in these four links can be divided into two categories, one is producers, the other is consumers. No production, no consumption, no consumption, no production. However, both production and consumption must have services that meet production and consumption. In short, producer oriented services are called producer services, and consumer oriented services are called consumer services. For a long time, China has implemented a planned economy, and production is carried out according to the plan. Therefore, when it comes to the service industry, it is considered to be an industry serving the people, and producer services do not receive due attention

producer service industry is a service industry that directly or indirectly provides intermediate services for the production process. It involves information collection, processing, exchange, mutual transmission, management and other activities. Its service objects are mainly business organizations and management institutions, and its scope mainly includes warehousing, logistics, intermediary, advertising and market research, information consulting, law, exhibition, taxation, audit, real estate industry, scientific research and comprehensive technical services Labor training, engineering and product maintenance and after-sales service, etc. The development of productive services is inseparable from the development of social productive forces and scientific and technological progress. It does not directly participate in production or material transformation, but it is an indispensable activity in any industrial production link. At present, producer services have become the pillar industry of many western developed countries, and their position in the world economic development and international competition is becoming increasingly prominent. However, China's producer services industry is still in its infancy, which is relatively lagging behind. Taking producer services as a breakthrough to promote the accelerated development of modern services is of great significance to enhance the competitiveness of the primary and secondary industries, enhance the penetration of modern services into manufacturing, promote the harmonious development of economy and society, and implement the scientific concept of development

in the past decade, producer services have been the fastest growing industry in the world economy, and it has become the focus of foreign investment. The relationship between producer services and manufacturing is becoming closer and closer. The formation of the international marketing network of manufacturing industry is the process of gathering marketing talents, developing products, product transportation and storage, advertising, insurance, accounting and legal services, and so on. Every link of this process is accompanied by service demand. In other words, the relationship between producer services and manufacturing is becoming closer and closer, which is mainly reflected in the substantial increase of service input in the intermediate input of manufacturing

the service mode of producer services shows a trend of virtualization, networking and outsourcing. The development of information technology makes the virtualization and networking of producer services possible. This service mode also increasingly highlights its advantages and promotes the level of enterprise intelligence. In a virtualized framework, we can efficiently "integrate" or "evacuate" the traditional "internal" and "external" resources, and let these associated structural elements play their market value, fully reflecting the existing advantages of enterprises

in addition, in order to give full play to the core competitiveness, enterprises must outsource the part of business they are not good at, so as to focus more on their core business, and the relevant professional outsourcing companies can also provide more professional and excellent services and reduce the cost of enterprises. This is a win-win situation, which is the general name of aromatic heterocyclic polymers containing imide groups in the molecular main chain. For example, the famous Nike Company in the United States only produces the air cushion system of Nike shoes, the most critical of which, while almost all other businesses are manufactured and provided by external companies. With its unique design ability, Nike focuses on the research and development of new products and marketing. It manufactures and sells Nike brand sports shoes worldwide, and its output value has increased at an annual rate of 20%. In the past 7-8 years, Nike has made more than 30% profits for shareholders

in the past decade, producer services have been fully developed in developed countries and gradually formed a complete industrial chain, which can provide enterprises with all-round support from product approval to product marketing and services. Whether it is the successful transformation of large companies such as IBM and HP, or the sudden rise of small enterprises, we must find a position suitable for our own development in this industrial chain. Producer services, as inputs to the production of goods or other services, play an intermediate role. They improve the output value and operation efficiency at different stages of the production process. This complete industrial chain has become a very necessary soft environment for the development of market economy in developed countries, and producer services have become a powerful allocator of market resources

the significance of CEPA

the first basic goal of CEPA is to gradually reduce or eliminate tariff and non-tariff barriers to all goods between the two sides. According to the regulations, from 2004, the mainland will eliminate tariff and non-tariff barriers on 273 tax items of goods originating in Hong Kong, and implement zero tariff on other goods originating in Hong Kong no later than January 1, 2006

for the manufacturing industry in the mainland, CEPA has a greater impact than WTO. The mainland's commitment to the WTO is only to reduce the tariff level of relevant products, while its commitment to CEPA is to give zero tariff treatment to relevant products. The entry of Hong Kong products into the mainland market with zero tariff is of great significance to the development of Hong Kong's manufacturing industry and will have a profound impact on the manufacturing industry in the mainland. With the implementation of CEPA, the cooperation between the two places in the manufacturing industry may present a new situation

CEPA has opened the way for Hong Kong's professional services to enter the mainland market, bringing the cooperation between Hong Kong's service industry and mainland manufacturing industry into a new stage. Hong Kong has highly developed producer services, especially professional services in management consulting, accounting and auditing, and international market development, which are urgently needed by the mainland manufacturing industry. Their entry will likely transform and improve the quality of the mainland manufacturing industry, improve the international image of mainland enterprises, enhance their market competitiveness, and promote mainland products to enter the international market more effectively

ZHONG Jianhui, deputy director general of the Guangdong Provincial Department of foreign trade and economic cooperation, believes that at present, both Guangdong and Hong Kong are in a critical period of economic and industrial restructuring. Under the overall framework of the closer economic and trade relationship arrangement between the mainland and Hong Kong, strengthening the complementary advantages of the two places, and combining the advantages of Guangdong Province's manufacturing industry and rich resources with Hong Kong's strong advantages in finance, logistics, capital and technology will promote a broader field, a deeper level Comprehensive cooperation and development

Feng Xiaoyun, a professor of Jinan University who has long been engaged in the regional economic research of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, said that striving to open up to Hong Kong in advance before the mainland opens up according to the WTO schedule and without violating the WTO rules is not only conducive to Hong Kong's preemptive entry into the huge market of the mainland and expanding business opportunities, but also provides the mainland with a drill before full opening up and accumulates experience of integrating into the world. Feng Xiaoyun believed that according to China's five-year opening-up commitment after China's accession to the WTO, foreign-funded companies will soon come in aggressively. The early opening-up of the mainland service industry to Hong Kong is actually to prepare for the entry of foreign-funded service industries into the mainland in three years, and to rapidly improve its own strength by taking advantage of the highly developed service industry in Hong Kong

the research at home and abroad mainly focuses on improving the processing technology and improving the mechanical properties of materials. Lu Jinyong, director of the international direct investment center of the University of economics and trade, believes that from the perspective of trade in goods, allowing Hong Kong products to enter without tariffs can almost be regarded as the central government unilaterally helping Hong Kong develop. The most direct role of the cooperation agreement is to help Hong Kong's economic recovery. This means that the mainland has opened a huge market to Hong Kong. Whether it is Hong Kong's capital, talents, services, or products, entering the mainland will be larger and more convenient than in the past. Of course, on the other hand, Hong Kong's goods and capital, especially the professional and technical personnel in the service industry, are also urgently needed by the mainland, especially in the Pearl River Delta. After the appropriate opening up, it will be of great help to improve the level of its service industry

cepa has been implemented for more than two years. In the field of trade in services, by the end of November 2005, the Hong Kong Trade and Industry Department had received a total of 941 applications for Hong Kong service provider certificates, covering transportation and logistics, distribution, banking, insurance, telecommunications, advertising, legal, construction, medical, audio-visual, tourism and other industries. Among them, transportation services and logistics services are the most active

on the occasion of the third anniversary of the signing of CEPA, a supplementary agreement was added on June 29, 2006, announcing 15 new opening measures, including opening Guangdong to Hong Kong travel agencies for outbound tours to Hong Kong, barristers can return to the mainland to work, increasing exhibition services, TV drama approval, project cost consulting can be wholly-owned in the mainland, expanding the RMB business in Hong Kong, and adding another 37 zero tariff goods

in addition, some industries have also abolished restrictions on the proportion of equity of Hong Kong funded enterprises, lowered the threshold of registered capital and qualification conditions, and relaxed geographical and business scope restrictions. CEPA covers 17 fields of service industry, including management consulting, conference and exhibition, advertising, law, accounting, medical treatment, real estate, construction engineering services, transportation, distribution, logistics transportation, tourism, audio-visual, banking, securities, insurance and other industries

in some service industries, such as lawyers, accountants, doctors, architectural designers

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